Keynotes

YEARKEYNOTE
2021Kapur, M. (2021, June, online). The Future Learning Initiative. Keynote at SALTISE Conference, Quebec, Canada.
2020Kapur, M. (2020, Nov, online). When and How Collaboration Works. Keynote at the Young Exploders’ Club Forum organized by the Copernicus Science Center, Warsaw, Poland.
2020Kapur, M. (2020, Nov, online). Learning from Productive Failure. Keynote at the Project-based Learning for Creative Problem Solving Conference, Shanghai, China.
2020Kapur, M. (2020, Sep, online). AI and Education. Keynote at the Edtech Korea Forum, Seoul, Korea.
2020Kapur, M. (2020, Sep, online). Failure and learning. Keynote remarks at the Annual High-Level Forum to Make the Global Goals a Reality, held on the first day of United Nations General Assembly.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Dec). Productive Failure and Learning. Keynote at the ETH Zurich Distinguished Computer Science Colloquium, Zurich, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Nov). Productive Failure and 21st Century Learning. Keynote at the Didacta-Digital Conference, Basel, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Nov). Productive failure in STEM Education. Keynote at the Learning Adventures Conference, Copernicus Science Center, Warsaw, Poland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Nov). Productive failure for 21st century learning. Keynote at the Credit Suisse ETH Thematic Flagship Conference 2.0. ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Sep). Productive failure. Keynote at the Symposium on STEM Higher Education, Technische Hochschule Nürnberg, Germany.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Aug). Knowing then doing, or knowing through doing. Keynote at the Annual Teaching Day, ZHAW School of Engineering, Winterthur, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Aug). When productive failure fails. Keynote at the Annual meeting of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI), Aachen, Germany.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, May). Developing adaptive expertise and productive failure. Keynote at the 106th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery, Bern, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Feb). From the science of learning to the design of learning. Keynote at the Swiss Faculty Development Network (SFDN) Conference, Zurich, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Jan). Productive failure for developing adaptive expertise. Keynote at the Journée de réflexion 2019: Annual Meeting of the College of Deans of the Swiss Medical Faculties, Luzern, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Nov). Productive Failure. Digital Innovation Dialogue 2018 at Embassy of Switzerland in New Delhi, India.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Nov). The science of developing adaptive expertise. Keynote at the Swiss Institute for Postgraduate and Further Education in Medicine (SIWF) Meeting, Bern, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Sep). How education can prepare you for the future of work. Keynote at the Education Forum 2018 - CREALOGIX Digital Learning, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Sep). Developing Talent for the Future: Lessons from Productive Failure. Keynote at the Temasek Polytechnic LA Fest, Singapore.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Sep). Learning and the power of failure? Keynote at the Sozialpädiatrisches Zentrum SPZ Symposium, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Jun). Developing deep knowledge and creativity: How will ICT help? Keynote at the International Conference on Teaching and Learning with Technology, Singapore.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Jun). Productive failure on the move. Keynote at the 5th International Mobile Learning Festival, Singapore.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, May). Beware unproductive success, learn from productive failure. Keynote at the Annual Teaching Day, Aalborg University, Aalborg & Copenhagen, Denmark.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Feb). The science of learning meets medical education. Keynote at the symposium on postgraduate medical education at The University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Jan). Principles for developing talent for the future. Keynote at the Global Talent Summit, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
2017Kapur, M. (2017, Nov). Productive failure and the innovation paradox. Keynote at the UBS Industry Leader Network Event with ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
2017Kapur, M. (2017, Apr). Harnessing Productive Failure to develop Deep Knowledge, Creativity, and Resilience. Keynote at the UNESCO Forum on Strengthening Innovative Competencies and Entrepreneurship Skills through Education, Valmiera, Latvia.
2017Kapur, M. (2017, Mar). Productive failure. Keynote at the Final Conference of the DFG Research Group, University of Tubingen, Germany.
2017Kapur, M. (2017, Mar). Productive Failure. Keynote at the LIFT: Lab17 Conference, Geneva, Switzerland.
2017Kapur, M. (2017, Mar). Beware unproductive success, try productive failure. Keynote at the 5th International Problem-Based Learning Symposium 2017 (5th IPBLS 2017), Republic Polytechnic, Singapore.
2016Kapur, M. (2016). Learning from Productive Failure. Keynote at the 2016 Yad Hanadiv Foundation Conference for Teacher Leaders, Tel Aviv, Israel.
2016Kapur, M. (2016). Beware unproductive success. Keynote at the 2016 Marshall Cavendish Conference, Singapore.
2016Kapur, M. (2016). The development of mathematical way of thinking and being through productive failure. Keynote at the Mathematics Teachers Conference, Singapore.
2015Kapur, M. (2015). Epistemic games in Productive Failure. Keynote at the epiSTEME Conference, IIT Bombay, India.
2015Kapur, M. (2015). It’s about time. Keynote at Annual Staff Conference of the Raffles Institution, Singapore.
2015Kapur, M. (2015). Productive failure. Education Keynote at 8th Federation of the Asian and Oceanian Physiological Societies (FAOPS) Congress, Bangkok, Thailand.
2015Kapur, M. (2015). Designing Learning for the 21st Keynote at the 8th International Education Leadership Conference, Lucknow, India.
2014Kapur, M. (2014). Learning from Productive Failure. Keynote at the Collaborative Universities Biomedical Education Network (CUBENET) Conference, Canberra, Australia, 2014.
2014Kapur, M. (2014). The sciences of learning: the field and its work. The Singapore-UK research and innovation forum on the sciences of learning, The Royal Society, London, UK.
2014Kapur, M. (2014). Learning from Productive Failure. Education Keynote at the COMBIO Conference, Canberra, Australia, 2014. COMBIO is the annual combined conference of three societies: Australian Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB), Australia and New Zealand Society for Cell and Developmental Biology (ANZSCDB) and Australian Society of Plant Scientists (ASPS).
2014Kapur, M. (2014). Designing Learning for the 21st Century. Keynote at the 7th International Education Leadership Conference, Lucknow, India.
2013Kapur, M. (2013). Developing creative and inventive learners. Keynote at the Blackboard teaching and learning international conference, Singapore.
2013Kapur, M. (2013). Productive Failure. Keynote at the Singapore Schools East Zone School Leaders Conference, Singapore.
2013Kapur, M. (2013). Learning from failure: pedagogical implications. Keynote at the Supporting Active Learning and Technological Innovation in Science Education (SALTISE) Annual Conference, Montreal, Canada.
2012Kapur, M. (2012). Productive Failure. Keynote at the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Sydney, Australia. (video)
2012Kapur, M. (2012). Productive failure. Keynote at the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education (CNIE) Conference, Canmore, Alberta, Canada.
2011Kapur, M. (2011). Digital media and learning: Stories from Singapore. Keynote at the Mobility Shifts conference organized by the New School and MacArthur Foundation, New York, NY.
2011Kapur, M. (2010). Productive failure. Keynote at the Learning Technology Research Fest, School of Education and Social Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia. (video)
2011Kapur, M. (2010). Transforming Learning for the 21st Century. Keynote at the Edutechnovation Conference, MOE Singapore, Singapore. (video)
2008Kapur, M. (2008). Productive failure. Keynote at the European Conference on Technology for Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL), Maastricht, Netherlands. (video)
2007Kapur, M. (2007). ICT-enabled Education in Singapore: IT Master Plans I and II. Keynote at the SchoolNet Japan Institute Conference, Nagoya, Japan.

Book Chapters

YearBook Chapter
2020Kapur, M. (2020). Eliciting and building upon student-generated solutions: Evidence from Productive Failure. In E. Manalo, Y. Uesaka, & C. A. Chinn (Eds.), Promotion of Students’ Spontaneous Use of Effective Learning Strategies. Singapore: Routledge.
2018Hmelo-Silver, C.E., Kapur, M. & Hamstra, M. (2018). Learning through problem solving. In F. Fischer, C.E. Hmelo-Silver, S.R. Goldman, & P. Reimann (Eds.), International Handbook of the Learning Sciences (pp. 210-220). Routledge: Taylor & Francis.
2017Kapur, M., Lee, N.H. & Lee, J. (2017). Eliciting and building upon student-generated solutions: Evidence from Productive Failure. In E. Manalo, Y. Uesaka, & C. A. Chinn (Eds.), Promotion of Students’ Spontaneous Use of Effective Learning Strategies (pp. 13-30). Singapore: Routledge.
2015Kapur, M., & Toh, P.L.L. (2015). Learning from Productive Failure. In Y. H. Cho, I. S. Caleon, & M. Kapur (Eds.), Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century. Singapore: Springer.
2015Cho, Y. H., Caleon, I. S., & Kapur, M. (2015). Authentic learning research and practice: Issues, challenges, and future directions. In Y. H. Cho, I. S. Caleon, & M. Kapur (Eds.), Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century. Singapore: Springer.
2015Cho, Y. H., Caleon, I. S., & Kapur, M. (2015). Authentic problem solving and learning for 21st century learners. In Y. H. Cho, I. S. Caleon, & M. Kapur (Eds.), Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century. Singapore: Springer.
2015Collins, A., & Kapur, M. (2015). Cognitive Apprenticeship. In R. K. Sawyer (Ed.), Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences, (second Ed., pp. 109-127), Cambridge University Press.
2013Kapur, M., & Toh, P.L.L. (2013). Productive failure: From an experimental effect to a learning design. In T. Plomp, & N. Nieveen (Eds.), Educational design research – Part B: Illustrative cases (pp. 341-355). Enschede, the Netherlands: SLO.
2013Kapur, M., & Lee, H. W. (2013). Enacting teach less, learn more in mathematics classrooms: The case of Productive Failure. In D. S. Zongyi, S. Gopinathan, & C. Lee (Ed), Globalization and the Singapore Curriculum: From Policy to Classroom (pp. 187-202), New York: Springer.
2013Bielaczyc, K., & Kapur, M., & Collins, A. (2013). Building communities of learners. In C. E. Hmelo-Silver, A. M. O’Donnell, C. Chan, & C. A. Chinn (Eds.), International Handbook of Collaborative Learning (pp. 233-249). New York: Routledge.
2012Jacobson, M. J., & Kapur, M. (2012). Learning environments as emergent phenomena: Theoretical and methodological implications of complexity. In D. Jonassen & S. Land (Eds.), Theoretical Foundations of Learning Environments (Second ed., pp. 303-334). New York: Routledge.
2011Kapur, M., Voiklis, J., & Kinzer, C. (2011). A complexity-grounded model for the emergence of convergence in CSCL groups. In S. Puntambekar, G. Erkens, & C. E. Hmelo-Silver (Eds.), Analyzing Interactions in CSCL: Methodologies, Approaches and Issues (pp. 3-25). New York, NY: Springer.
2009Kapur, M. (2009). Moving beyond the pedagogy of mathematics: Foregrounding epistemological concerns. In B. Kaur, B. H. Yeap, & M. Kapur (Eds.), Mathematical Problem Solving (pp. 265-271), Singapore: World Scientific.
2009Kapur, M. (2009). The role of productive failure in mathematics teaching and learning. In B. Kaur, B. H. Yeap, & M. Kapur (Eds.), Mathematical Problem Solving (pp. 43-68), Singapore: World Scientific.
2006Kapur, M. (2006). Creating authentic, interactive ICT-based learning resources: Multimedia design principles, learner-controlled hypermedia. In Khine, M. S. (Ed), Teaching with Technology: Strategies for Engaging Learners (pp. 123-142). Singapore: Prentice Hall.

Invited Talks & Presentations

YearInvited Talks & Presentations
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Sep). Productive Failure. Invited talk at TEDx Lugano, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Sep). Productive failure. Invited talk at the ETH/PHZH Colloquia, Zurich, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Sep). Are universities about producing skills or knowledge? Panel Chair, Times Higher Education World Academic Summit, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Jun). Productive failure. Invited talk at the Leibniz Institute for Research and Information in Education (DIPF), Gersfeld/Rhön, Germany.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Apr). Productive failure. Invited talk at the 20th anniversary of the LIPSCHULE, Zurich, Switzerland.
2019Kapur, M. (2019, Jan). Times Higher Education and ETH Zurich Roundtable on “Redefining Talent”. Invited panelist at World Economic Forum, Davos, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Nov). Productive failure. Invited talk at ETH Colloquium for Gymnasium Mathematics Teachers, Zurich, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Nov). The science of productive failure. Invited talk at the Right to Play Foundation, Zurich, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Nov). Preparing students for the future: Lesson from Productive failure on the move. Invited talk at Kantonsschule Romanshorn, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Sep). Productive failure. Invited talk at the Campus Seminar Zurich, Switzerland.
2018Kapur, M. (2018, Jan). Productive Failure: Principles for Developing Talent for the Future. Invited talk at Global Talent Summit 2018, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
2017Kapur, M. (2017). How Education can prepare you for the future of work. Invited panelist, Global Talent Summit 2017, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
2017Kapur, M. (2017). The learning sciences: Key principles and their implications for education. Invited talk at the Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
2017Kapur, M. (2017). Beware unproductive success, try productive failure. Singapore: Republic Polytechnic.
2016Kapur, M. (2016). Learning from Productive Failure. Invited talk at the 2016 Avney Rosha, The Israeli Institute for School Leadership, Conference for School Leaders, Jerusalem, Israel.
2016Kapur, M. (2016). Designing for Productive Failure in higher STEM education. Invited Talk at the ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.
2014Kapur, M. (2014). The sciences of learning: the field and its work. Invited talk at the Singapore-UK joint research and innovation forum, The Royal Society, London, UK.
2014Kapur, M. (2014). Learning from Productive Failure. Invited talk at the Institute for Research on Learning and Instruction, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.
2014Kapur, M. (2014). Learning from Productive Failure. Invited talk at the Excellence in Education and Training Convention, Singapore Polytechnic.
2014Kapur, M. (2014). Productive Failure in the Learning of Mathematics. Invited talk at the Secondary Schools Heads of Department Mathematics Seminar by the Curriculum Planning and Development Division, Ministry of Education, Singapore.
2013Kapur, M. (2013). Designing for and learning from Productive Failure. Invited talk at the International Conference of Education Research, Seoul, Korea.
2012Kapur, M. (2012). Productive failure. Invited talk at the Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
2011Kapur, M. (2011). Productive failure. Invited talk at Teachers College, Columbia University, NY, USA.
2011Kapur, M. (2011).. Singapore initiatives in assessing 21st century skills. Invited panelist at the Asia Pacific Assessment Conference 2011, Singapore.
2010Kapur, M. (2010). Productive Failure in CSCL. Theme-based invited talk at the International Conference of Computers in Education (ICCE), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
2010Kapur, M. (2010). Productive failure in mathematical problem solving. Invited talk at the Institute of Innovation in Science and Mathematics Education, University of Sydney, Australia.
2010Kapur, M. (2010). Productive failure. Invited talk at the School of Education, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.
2010Kapur, M. (2010). Invited talk at the Inaugural Digital Media and Learning Conference by the MacArthur Foundation, San Diego, USA. (I had to cancel the talk because of an injury at that time)
2009Kapur, M. (2009). Productive failure. Invited talk at the Institute of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Germany.
2009Kapur, M. (2009). Creativity and productive failure. Invited panelist for the Center of Research for Pedagogy and Practice (CRPP) forum on creativity and 21st century learning, Singapore.
2008Kapur, M. (2008). Educational technology and the learning sciences. Invited talk (via webcast) at the Concordia University’s Educational Technology Program Fall Colloquium, Montreal, Canada.
2008Kapur, M. (2008). Productive failure in mathematical problem solving. Invited talk at the annual research workshop between the National Institute of Education and the Curriculum Planning Division of the Ministry of Education of Singapore.
2008Kapur, M. (2008). Productive failure in CSCL groups. Invited talk at the Institute of Psychology, University of Freiberg, Freiberg, Germany.
2008Kapur, M. (2008). Productive failure in CSCL groups. Invited talk at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland
2007Kapur, M. (2007). Productive failure. Invited talk at the International Conference of Educational Technology (ICET), Singapore.
2007Kapur, M. (2007). Computational and Phenomenological Study of Collective Dynamics. Invited talk at Teachers College, Columbia University, NY.

Books

  1. Cho, Y. H., Caleon, I. S., & Kapur, M. (Eds.). (2015). Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century. Singapore: Springer  (360 pp.).
  2. Kaur, B., Yeap, B. H., & Kapur, M. (Eds.). (2009). Mathematical Problem Solving. Singapore: World Scientific (288 pp.).

Published Peer-reviewed Journal Articles

YearArticles5-year Impact Factor
2021Ziegler, E. Trninic, D. & Kapur, M. (2021). Micro productive failure and the acquisition of algebraic procedural knowledge. Instructional Science. doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​021-09544-72.594
2021Sinha, T., Kapur, M. (2021). Robust effects of the efficacy of explicit failure-​​driven scaffolding in problem-​​solving prior to instruction: A replication and extension. Learning and Instruction, 75, Article 101488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2021.1014885.258
2020Sinha, T., Kapur, M., West, R. Catasta, M., Hauswirth, M. & Trninic, D. (2020). Differential benefits of explicit failure-driven and success-driven scaffolding in problem-solving prior to instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu00004836.133
2020Trninic, D., Kapur, M. & Sinha, T. (2020). The Disappearing “Advantage of Abstract Examples in Learning Math.” Cognitive Science, 44(7), Article e12851. https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.128512.653
2020Halbherr, T. & Kapur, M. (2020). Validation Reconceived: The Double Treatment Experimental Design. Frontiers in Education, 4(156). https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2019.00156-
2019Jacobson, M. J., Goldwater, M., Markauskaite, L., Lai, P. K., Kapur, M., Roberts, G., Hilton, C. (2019). Schema abstraction with productive failure and analogical comparison: Learning designs for far across domain transfer. Learning and Instruction, 65, Article 101222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2019.1012225.258
2019Jacobson, M. J., Levin, J. A., & Kapur, M. (2019). Education as a complex system: Conceptual and methodological implications. Educational Researcher, 48(2), 112-119. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X198269586.130
2018Kapur, M. (2018). Examining the preparatory effects of problem generation and solution generation on learning from instruction. Instructional Science, 46(1), 61–76. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​017-9435-z2.594
2018Manalo, E. & Kapur, M. (2018). The role of failure in promoting thinking skills and creativity: New findings and insights about how failure can be beneficial for learning [Editorial]. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 30, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.06.0012.247
2018Abrahamson, D., & Kapur, M. (2018). Reinventing discovery learning: a field-wide research program. Instructional Science, 46(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​017-9444-y2.594
2018Ziegler, E. & Kapur, M. (2018). The interplay of creativity, failure and learning in generating algebra problems. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 30, 64-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.03.0092.247
2018Trninic, D., Wagner, R. & Kapur, M. (2018). Rethinking failure in mathematics education: A historical appeal. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 30, 76-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.03.0082.247
2018Trninic, D., Swanson, H. & Kapur, M. (2018). Productive dissent in learning communities. Instructional Science, 46(4), 621-625. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​018-9466-02.594
2017Lam, R., & Kapur, M. (2017). Preparation for future collaboration: Cognitively preparing for learning from collaboration. Journal of Experimental Education, 86(4), 546-559. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220973.2017.13861562.451

2017Jacobson, M. J., Markauskaite, L., Portolese, A., Kapur, M. Lai, P. K., & Roberts, G. (2017). Designs for Learning about Climate Change as a Complex System. Learning and Instruction, 52, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.03.0075.258
2017Toh, P. L. L., & Kapur, M. (2017). Is having more prior knowledge better for learning from productive failure. Instructional Science, 45(3), 377-394. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​016-9402-02.594
2017Song, Y., &  Kapur, M. (2017). How to flip the classroom– “productive failure or traditional flipped classroom” pedagogical design? Educational Technology & Society, 20(1), 292-305.2.720
2016Kapur, M. (2016). Examining Productive Failure, Productive Success, Unproductive Failure, and Unproductive Success in Learning. Educational Psychologist, 51(2), 289-299.8.102
2016Jacobson, M.,  Kapur, M. , Reimann, P. (2016). Conceptualizing Debates in Learning and Educational Research: Towards a Complex Systems Conceptual Framework of Learning. Educational Psychologist, 51(2), 210-218. https://doi.org/10.1080/00461520.2016.1166963.8.102
2015Kapur, M. (2015). The preparatory effects of problem solving versus problem posing on learning from instruction. Learning and Instruction, 39, 23-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2015.05.0045.258
2015Cvencek, D., Kapur, M., & Meltzoff, A. N., (2015). Math Achievement, Stereotypes, and Math Self-Concepts among Elementary-School Students in Singapore. Learning and Instruction, 39, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2015.04.0025.258
2015Kapur, M. (2015). Learning from productive failure. Learning: Research and Practice, 1(1), 51-65. https://doi.org/10.1080/23735082.2015.1002195 [Inaugural Issue of Singapore’s National Institute of Education’s new journal].-
2015Huang, D., &  Kapur, M. (2015). Can “less” create “more” in analogical reasoning? Learning: Research and Practice, 1(2), 133-​151. https://doi.org/10.1080/23735082.2015.1071232-
2015Sullivan, F., Kapur, M., Madden, S., & Shipe, S. (2015). Exploring the role of “gendered” discourse styles in online science discussion. International Journal of Science Education, 37(3), 484-504. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2014.9941132.073
2014Kapur, M. (2014). Productive failure in learning math. Cognitive Science, 38(5), 1008-1022. https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.121072.653
2013Cvencek, D., Meltzoff, A. N., &  Kapur, M. (2013). Cognitive consistency and math – gender stereotypes in Singaporean children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 117, 73-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2013.07.0182.867
2013Kapur, M. (2013). Comparing learning from productive failure and vicarious failure. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 23(4), 651-677. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2013.8190004.379
2012Kapur, M., & Rummel, N. (2012). Productive failure in learning from generation and invention activities.  Instructional Science. 40(4), 645-650. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​012-9235-42.594
2012Kapur, M. (2012). Productive failure in learning the concept of variance. Instructional Science. 40(4), 651-672. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2013.819000 2.594
2012Kapur, M., & Bielaczyc, K. (2012). Designing for productive failure. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 21(1), 45-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2011.5917174.379
2011Kapur, M. (2011). Temporality matters: Advancing a method for analyzing problem-solving processes in a computer-supported collaborative environment. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 6(1), 39-56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11412-​011-9109-93.553
2011Kapur, M. (2011). A further study of productive failure in mathematical problem solving: Unpacking the design components. Instructional Science, 39(4), 561-579. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​010-9144-32.594
2010Jacobson, M. J.,  Kapur, M., So, H-J., & Lee, J. (2010). The ontologies of complexity and learning about complex systems. Instructional Science, 39(5), 763-783. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​010-9147-02.594
2010Kapur, M. (2010). Productive failure in mathematical problem solving. Instructional Science, 38(6), 523-550.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-​009-9093-x2.594
2009Kapur, M., & Kinzer, C. (2009). Productive failure in CSCL groups. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 4(1), 21-46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11412-​008-9059-z3.553
2008Kapur, M. (2008). Productive failure. Cognition and Instruction, 26(3), 379-424. https://doi.org/10.1080/073700008022126693.246
2008Kapur, M. , Voiklis, J., & Kinzer, C. (2008). Sensitivities to early exchange in synchronous computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) groups. Computers and Education, 51, 54-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2007.04.0076.323
2007Kapur, M., & Kinzer, C. (2007). The effect of problem type on interactional activity, inequity, and group performance in a synchronous computer-supported collaborative environment. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 55(5), 439-459. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-​007-9045-62.752
2010Bielaczyc, K., &  Kapur, M. (2010). Playing epistemic games in science and mathematics classrooms. Educational Technology, 50(5), 19-25.Readership > 100,000

Refereed Conference Proceedings

    1. Jacobson, M. J., Levin, J. A. & Kapur, M. (2020). Education as a Complex System: Conceptual and Methodological Implications [Symposium]. AERA Annual Meeting San Francisco, CA [conference cancelled due to Covid-19].
    2. Trninic, D. & Kapur, M. (2020). Exploring the efficacy of practice before instruction. Proceedings of the 5th International Meeting of the Association for the Philosophy of Mathematical Practice (pp. 44-​45), Zurich, Switzerland: Association for the Philosophy of Mathematical Practice, January 18-​21, 2020.
    3. Trninic, D., Kapur, M. & Sinha, T. (2019). The Disappearing “Advantage of Abstract Examples in Learning Math.” Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Montreal, Canada, July 24-​27, 2019.
    4. Halbherr, T., Lehner, H., & Kapur, M. (2019). Resource-Rich versus Resource-Poor Assessment in Introductory Computer Science and its Implications on Models of Cognition: An in-Class Experimental Study. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society  Montreal, Canada, July 24-​27, 2019.
    5. Sinha, T., Kapur, M., West, R., Catasta, M., Hauswirth, M., & Trninic, D. (2019). Impact of explicit failure and success driven preparatory activities on learning. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Montreal, Canada, July 24-​27, 2019.
    6. Sinha, T. & Kapur, M. (2019). When Productive Failure Fails. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2811-2817), Montreal, Canada, July 24-27, 2019.
    7. Huang, J. S., Lam, R. J., & Kapur, M. (2017). Investigating task difficulty and generativity on the learning effect of delayed instruction. Paper presented at the 17th Biennial EARLI Conference, Tampere, Finland.
    8. Kapur, M. (2017). Preparatory effects of problem posing on learning from instruction. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 649). London, UK: Cognitive Science Society.
    9. Huang, J. S., & Kapur, M. (2016). Investigating the learning and transfer effects of students-generated analogies. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Singapore.
    10. Huang, J. S., Lam, R. J., & Kapur, M. (2016). Investigating analogical reasoning as the generative task In the Productive Failure design. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Singapore.
    11. Kapur, M. (2015). Examining the ICAP hypothesis through evidence from studies on productive failure. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction (EARLI) 2015.
    12. Kapur, M. (2015). Learning from productive failure. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction (EARLI) 2015.
    13. Jacobson, M. J., Kapur, M., & Reimann, P. (2014). Towards a complex systems meta-theory of learning as an emergent phenomenon: Beyond the cognitive versus situative debate. In J. L. Polman, E. A. Kyza, D. K. O’Neill, I. Tabak, W. R. Penuel, A. S. Jurow, K. O’Connor, T. Lee & L. D’Amico (Eds.), Learning and becoming in practice: The International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2014, Volume 1 (pp. 362-369). Boulder, CO, USA: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
    14. Kom, M.S., & Kapur, M. (2014). Exploring student problem finding to promote science learning in the classroom. Proceedings of the International Science Education Conference, 25-27 November 2014 (pp. 923-959). National Institute of Education, Singapore.
    15. Kapur, M., Cvencek, D., & Meltzoff, A. N. (2013). Singaporean children’s math–gender stereotypes and math self-concepts: Relation to math achievement. Paper presented at the 2013 SRCD Biennial Meeting, Seattle, WA.
    16. Toh, P. L. L., & Kapur, M. (2012). Examining the adequacy of students’ priors and teacher’s role in attention to critical features in designing for productive failure.  In J. van Aalst, B.J. Reiser, C. Hmelo-Silver, & K. Thompson (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (pp. 467-474). Sydney: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
    17. Huang, J. S., & Kapur, M. (2012). Learning Innovation Diffusion as Complex Adaptive Systems through Model Building, Simulation, Game Play and Reflections. In J. van Aalst, B.J. Reiser, C. Hmelo-Silver, & K. Thompson (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Learning Sciences 2012 (pp. 259-266). Sydney: International Society of the Learning Sciences.
    18. Kapur, M., & Bielaczyc, K. (2011). Classroom-based experiments in productive failure. In L. Carlson, C. Hölscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2812-2817). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    19. Kapur, M. (2010). Productive failure in learning the concept of variance. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2727-2732). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    20. Kapur, M., & Jacobson, M. J. (2010). Learning as an emergent phenomenon: Methodological implications. In K. Gomez, L. Lyons, & J. Radinsky, (Eds.). Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Volume 2 (pp. 192-193). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    21. Kapur, M., & Lee, J. (2009). Designing for productive failure in mathematical problem solving. In N. Taatgen & V. R. Hedderick (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2632-2637). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    22. Kapur, M., & Rummel, N. (2009). The assistance dilemma in CSCL. In A. Dimitracopoulou, C. O’Malley, D. Suthers, & P. Reimann (Eds.), Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Practices – CSCL2009 Community Events Proceedings, Vol 2 (pp. 37-42). International Society of the Learning Sciences.
    23. Bielaczyc, K., & Kapur, M. (2009). Playing epistemic games: Examining core issues in knowledge building communities and productive failure. Proceedings of the Redesigning Pedagogies Conference, Singapore.
    24. Huang, J. S., & Kapur, M. (2009). Learn diffusion of innovation as complex phenomena – A report from pilot study. Paper presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1996-1997), Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    25. Huang, J. S., & Kapur, M. (2009). Learning innovation diffusion as a complex phenomenon: A pilot study using agent-based modeling coupled with learners’ embodied experience. Proceedings of the Redesigning Pedagogies Conference, Singapore.
    26. Ng, S. H., & Kapur, M. (2009). Instructional design for learning of Chinese characters from a cognitive load theory perspective. Proceedings of the Redesigning Pedagogies Conference, Singapore.
    27. Kapur, M., Dickson, L., & Toh, P. Y. (2008). Productive failure in mathematical problem solving. In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1717-1722). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    28. Kapur, M. (2008). A complexity-grounded model for convergence in group discussions. Proceedings of the International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    29. Huang, J. S., & Kapur, M. (2007). Diffusion of Pedagogical Innovations as a Complex Adaptive Process – Agent -Based Modeling as Research Method. In Hirashima, T., Hoppe, U., & Young, S. S. C. (Eds.), Supporting Learning Flow through Interactive Technologies – Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications (pp. 67-74). IOS Press Ebooks.
    30. Kapur, M., Hung, D., Jacobson, M., Voiklis, J., & Kinzer, C., & Chen, D.-T. (2007). Emergence of learning in computer-supported, large-scale collective dynamics: A research agenda. In C. A. Clark, G. Erkens, & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference of Computer-supported Collaborative Learning (pp. 323-332). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    31. Kapur, M., Voiklis, J., & Kinzer, C. (2007). Sensitivities to initial exchange in synchronous computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) groups. In C. A. Clark, G. Erkens, & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference of Computer-supported Collaborative Learning (pp. 333-343). Mahwah, NJ: Lulu.
    32. Kapur, M. (2006). Productive failure: A hidden efficacy of seemingly unproductive production. In R. Sun (Ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1587-1592). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    33. Voiklis, J., Kapur, M., Kinzer, C., & Black, J. (2006). An emergentist account of collective cognition in collaborative problem solving. In R. Sun (Ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 858-863). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    34. Kinzer, C., Kapur, M., Lohnes, S., Cammack, D. W., Kontovourki, S., Hoffman, D., & Turkay, S. (2006). Assessing pres-service teachers’ conceptual change in an internet-based case instructional environment. In R. Sun (Ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1611-1616). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    35. Petrosino, A., Svihla, V., & Kapur, M. (2006). Calculating expertise in bioengineering education. Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Education (pp. 18-21), San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA.
    36. Voiklis, J., Kapur, M., Kinzer, C., & Black, J. (2006). An emergentist account of collective cognition in collaborative problem solving. In R. Sun (Ed.), Proceedings of the 28thAnnual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 858-863). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    37. Kinzer, C., Kapur, M., Lohnes, S., Cammack, D. W., Kontovourki, S., Hoffman, D., & Turkay, S. (2006). Assessing pres-service teachers’ conceptual change in an internet-based case instructional environment. In R. Sun (Ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1611-1616). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    38. Petrosino, A., Svihla, V., & Kapur, M. (2006). Calculating expertise in bioengineering education. Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Education (pp. 18-21), San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA.
    39. Voiklis, J., & Kapur, M. (2006). Two walks through problem space. Poster presented at the International Conference on Complex Systems, Boston, MA, USA.
    40. Kapur, M. (2006). Productive failure. In S. Barab, K. Hay, & D. Hickey (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Learning Sciences (pp. 307-313). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    41. Kapur, M., Voiklis, J., Kinzer, C., & Black, J. (2006). Insights into the emergence of convergence in group discussions. In S. Barab, K. Hay, & D. Hickey (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Learning Sciences (pp. 300-306). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    42. Kinzer, C., Kapur, M., Cammack, D. W., & Lohnes, S. (2006). Assessing conceptual change in an anchored, case-based environment. In S. Barab, K. Hay, & D. Hickey (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Learning Sciences (pp. 950-951). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    43. Kapur, M., Voiklis, J., & Kinzer, C. (2005). Problem solving seen through the lens of complex evolutionary activity: A novel theoretical and analytical framework for analyzing problem-solving processes. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Conference (pp. 1096-1101). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    44. Kapur, M., Voiklis, J., & Kinzer, C. (2005). Problem solving as a complex, evolutionary activity: A methodological framework for analyzing problem-solving processes in a computer-supported collaborative environment. Proceedings the Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Conference (pp. 252-261). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Refereed Conference Presentations

      1. Halbherr, T. & Kapur, M. (2020). Validity, Learning, and Resource-Rich Assessment in the Wild: A Quasi-Experimental Replication Study. EARLI SIG 1&4 joint Conference 2020, Càdiz, Spain. [conference cancelled due to Covid-19]
      2. Halbherr, T. & Kapur, M. (2020). The Informational versus Dynamical Role of Feedback in Tool-Mediated Learning and Assessment. EARLI SIG 1&4 joint Conference 2020, Càdiz, Spain. [conference cancelled due to Covid-19]
      3. Huang, J. S., Kapur, M., & Lam, R. J. (2017). Investigating learning strategies that promote analogical transfer. Paper presented at the 4th Analogy Conference, Paris.
      4. Kapur, M. (2016). How exploratory problem-solving versus problem-posing help learning from instruction. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC, USA.
      5. Jacobson, M. J., Markauskaite, L., Portolese, A., Lai, P., Kapur, M. (2016). Understanding climate change as a complex system with agent-based models: Issues in the sequencing of pedagogical structure. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC, USA.
      6. Huang, J. S., Kapur, M., & Chai, C. S. (2013). Learning innovation diffusion as a complex adaptive system – Case studies on school leaders learning through analogies. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.
      7. Kapur, M., Cvencek, D., & Meltzoff, A. N. (2013). Singaporean children’s math-gender stereotypes and math self-concepts: Relation to math achievement. Paper presented at the 2013 Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) Biennial Meeting, Seattle, WA.
      8. Kapur, M. (2010). Productive failure in learning the concept of variance. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, Colorado, USA.
      9. Kapur, M. (2010). Epistemic games in productive failure. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, Colorado, USA.
      10. Huang, J. S., & Kapur, M. (2009, June). Learning innovation diffusion as a complex phenomenon:  A pilot study using agent-based modeling coupled with learners’ embodied experience. Paper presented at the Redesigning Pedagogies Conference, Singapore.
      11. Ng, S. H., & Kapur, M. (2009). Instructional design for learning of Chinese characters from a cognitive load theory perspective. Paper presented at the Redesigning Pedagogies Conference, Singapore.
      12. Bielaczyc, K., & Kapur, M. (2009). Playing epistemic games: Examining core issues in knowledge building communities and productive failure. Paper presented at the Redesigning Pedagogies Conference, Singapore.
      13. Kapur, M., & Jacobson, M. J. (2009). Learning as an emergent phenomenon: Methodological implications. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.
      14. Jacobson, M. J., & Kapur, M. (2009). Ontological Network Theory: Implications of Scale Free Network Topologies for Learning about Complexity and for Theories of Conceptual Change. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.
      15. Kapur, M., & Kinzer, C. (2007). Sensitivities to early exchange in synchronous computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) groups. Paper presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, USA.
      16. Kapur, M., & Kinzer, C. (2006). Interactional predictors of group performance. Paper presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, USA.
      17. Kapur, M., & Kinzer, C. (2005). The effect of problem type on collaborative problem solving in a synchronous computer-mediated environment. Paper presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada.

International Grants

2006-2017: Total funding received of approx S$1.5m (or US$ 1.1m) in direct costs

      1. Nov 2014 – present: Co-Investigator on an Australian Research Council funded project: Agent-based virtual learning environments for understanding science. (PI: Dr Michael Jacobson, $730K)
      2. Apr 2010: Co-Investigator on a European Union funded project: Multiple Perspectives on Multiple Representations (PI: Dr Armin Weinberger, Direct Costs: $32K)
      3. Jan 2010: Collaborator on an Australian Research Council funded project: Virtual Environments for Learning Scientific Knowledge and Inquiry Skills (PI: Dr Michael Jacobson, $600K)

Singapore-based Grants

2006-2017: Total funding received of approx. S$2.5m (or US$ 1.9m) in direct costs

      1. Jan 2015 – present: Co-Principal Investigator of a Ministry of Education (MOE) of Singapore funded project: An Investigation of Nonlinear Pedagogy and Its Application in Singapore Schools. (Direct Costs: $250K).
      2. Jul 2014 – 2017: Principal Investigator (until Dec 2016), then Co-Pl of a Ministry of Education (MOE) of Singapore funded project: Translating Productive Failure in the Singapore A-level Statistics Curriculum. (Direct Costs: $550K).
      3. Jul 2012: Principal Investigator of a Ministry of Education (MOE) of Singapore funded project: Implicit Social Cognition as a Predictor of Academic Performance. (Direct Costs: $100K)
      4. Oct 2011: Principal Investigator of a Ministry of Education (MOE) of Singapore funded project: Building teachers’ capacity in assessment for learning of 21st century skills in mathematics. (Direct Costs: $480K).
      5. May 2011: Co-Principal Investigator of a Ministry of Education (MOE) of Singapore funded project: STEP* for the Future: Investigating Pedagogical Change in New Approaches to Learning and Teaching in the Knowledge Age. (Direct Costs: $250K).
      6. Apr 2009: Principal Investigator of a Ministry of Education (MOE) of Singapore funded project: Designing for Productive Failure. (Direct Costs: $680K).
      7. Apr 2008: Principal Investigator of an MOE funded project: Integrative Phenomenological and Computational Study of the Collective Dynamics of Productive Failure in Collaborative Problem Solving. (Direct Costs: $100K)
      8. Feb 2007: Principal Investigator of a Nanyang Technological University funded project: Collective Intelligence in Wikipedia: Computational Agent-Based Modeling of Large-Scale Authorial Dynamics. (Direct Costs: $45K)
      9. Sep 2006: Principal Investigator of an MOE funded project: “Scaffold Less, Learn More”: Exploring Productive Failure in Complex, ill-structured Learning and Performance Spaces. (Direct Costs: $50K)
      10. Sep 2006: Co-Principal Investigator of an MOE funded project: Engaging Secondary School Students with the Mathematics of Change. (Direct Costs: $50K)